The Spots On The Tongue Of A 5-year-old Child?

Illustration of The Spots On The Tongue Of A 5-year-old Child?
Illustration: The Spots On The Tongue Of A 5-year-old Child? lincolnchildrensdentistry.com

Tonight, today I see my son’s tongue blotches, if according to what I saw on Google’s geographical tongue. What is the cause and is it dangerous? Should I see a doctor right away? Because according to my child, the tongue is not tasty, but it doesn’t hurt either.

1 Answer:

Hello. Thank you for the question submitted to HealthReplies.com. We can understand the concern you feel.


Basically, patches on the tongue are not a serious problem and can often disappear spontaneously without certain medications. However, certain patches on the tongue may also indicate severe health problems and require immediate medical attention.


Geographical tongue is just one of several conditions with a clinical appearance in the form of patches on the tongue. Examples of conditions and related causes of spotting on the tongue include:

Black haired tongue (appearance: black / gray / brown spots, may look like hair), examples of causes: poor oral hygiene, side effects of certain foods / drinks (example: caffeine in coffee), side effects of drugs, or effects smoke
Geographic tongue (appearance: reddish patches, slippery, irregular shape, on the top or side of the tongue), the cause is often unknown, can be related to the effect of consuming spicy / salty / sour / hot food
Leukoplakia (appearance: white or gray patches, irregular shape), the cause is often unknown, but related to the effects of smoking, alcohol abuse, repeated trauma to the tongue, benign tumors, or precancerous cells or cancer

Lie bumps (appearance: bumps or patches, white or red, small), also called transient lingual papillitis, the cause is often unknown, can disappear spontaneously within a few days and does not require any treatment

Thrush (appearance: creamy white patches like cheese, protruding, sometimes with red lesions, can spread to the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat), caused by Candida fungal infections, may be accompanied by reddish symptoms, loss of taste, dry mouth, can even be accompanied by bleeding or difficulty swallowing, risk factors: a weak immune system (for example: baby age, old age, side effects of certain drugs, HIV / AIDS, diabetes mellitus)

Aphtous ulcers (appearance: superficial wounds and leucorrhoea), are common lesions found on the tongue, the cause is often unknown, but associated with minor trauma to the tongue, the effect of using toothpaste or mouthwashes containing lauryl, anemia due to substance deficiency iron / folic acid / vitamin B12, allergic responses, or emotional stress

Because of the variety of possible causes of spotting on the tongue and some of the causes are conditions that require immediate medical treatment, we recommend that your child be seen by a dentist if the spots on the tongue do not go away for more than 2 weeks or more. The dentist will perform a systematic history, physical examination, and supporting examination if an indication is found (for example: tissue biopsy if tumor / cancer is suspected, X-ray).


To help overcome the problem of spots on the tongue, it is advisable to always maintain oral hygiene by brushing teeth regularly 2 times a day, ie after breakfast and before going to bed. In addition to the teeth, do brushing also on the tongue gently.


To enrich insight, you can read articles about spotting on the tongue. Thus information from us. Hopefully always healthy. May be useful.

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