The VDRL Test Is Positive, Does It Mean I Have Syphilis?

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Good evening. I intended to donate my blood yesterday at PMI Bandung, but it is not as usual that only in the tension and light interviews, I was told that in my previous blood donor, I was positive in the VDRL test with 2.26 results (I don’t know what that means) which he said refers to shypilis. I have indeed changed partners, but there is nothing strange about my genitals. Leucorrhoea after normal menstruation is clear, but I have had a lump in the groin approaching the vagina that disappears in 5 days. Sometimes there are blisters in the vaginal area if the sexual intercourse is not smooth. Does the VDRL test on PMI tend to be accurate? What should I do? And what are the effects on shipilis sufferers in their sexual and reproductive lives? Thank you …

1 Answer:

Hello Ellaella, thank you for asking.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by Treponema pallidum infection. This infection arises when the body's mucosa is exposed to the Treponema bacterium so that bacteria enter and multiply in the body. People at high risk are generally advised to routinely do screening tests at least once a year. High-risk people include HIV sufferers who are still sexually active, commercial sex workers, same-sex partners, people who actively engage in sexual relations and change partners and unprotected sex.

Screening needs to be done routinely because syphilis infection often does not provide significant symptoms so a person can be unaware of the symptoms. In some people the symptoms can mimic urinary tract infections or vaginal discharge. The most obvious symptom of syphilis is painless sores in the genital area. The wound then heals and the person enters into a latent period where no symptoms occur. Sypilia that is slow to be detected will cause it to be handled slowly. If syphilis is left untreated it can lead to complications of heart, brain and blood vessel damage, which can be fatal.

When someone does a blood drive, PMI will always carry out a series of tests on infectious diseases, including syphilis, hepatitus, and HIV. Initial syphilis testing is usually done with a non treponema test, including the VDRL test. A positive result from VDRL can mean that someone has syphilis, but it may not. If the VDRL is positive, it will generally be confirmed by treponema test. Treponema test consists of various types, with the principle of hemagglutination, fluorescence, or immunoassay. If the results of the non treponema test and treponema test show positive results, then someone is declared affected by syphilis.

Advanced syphilis can damage various organs and can be fatal. Syphilis can also be transmitted from mother to fetus. You should consult this matter with your doctor. The doctor will do a syphilis test and explain the results to you. Treatment depends on syphilis test results. Sometimes if deemed necessary, your doctor will also encourage you to test for HIV or test for hepatitis. In the meantime, before you are certain to experience or not experience syphilis, avoid sexual relations, especially avoid sexual relations between partners and partners. If you still want to have sex, use a condom. Ethically, you should tell your condition honestly to your sexual partner. This is important to prevent syphilis transmission which continues to spread between individuals.

Thus a brief review from us, I hope you benefit. Regards.

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