Transmission Of Hepatitis C Through Needles?
Tonight, I want to ask. I was exposed to a needle stick used by a HD patient whose hep c was positive a year ago. I checked the lab 2 days after it was punctured and the result was negative and my leukocyte level was normal too. I was told to check again a month after being pricked. If my initial test is negative, will the second check remain negative or something. please explain.
Hi Nova, Thanks for the question.
Hepatitis C is inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus. This virus can be transmitted through needles, for example sharing needles with injecting drug users or undergoing tattooing. Receiving blood transfusions from blood contaminated with this virus and sexual intercourse with sufferers can also increase the risk of hepatitis C transmission. Needle stick injury that occurs to medical personnel is also a way of transmitting hepatitis C, although it is relatively rare. The incubation period for hepatitis C (the time between the entry of the infection into the body and the appearance of the first symptoms) is 14 days to 180 days. Thus, if you have a needle stick injury, it is recommended that you have periodic checks during this incubation period. Hepatitis C blood test functions to detect immune substances / antibodies that are formed in the body if this infection enters the body. The formation of these antibiotics takes time. If the first test result is negative, it is not necessarily a negative result of the second test. Subsequent test results can have a negative or positive result; if you are infected, then the next blood result may be positive.
Please do this examination according to doctor's recommendations. In the future, if you have a needle stick injury, please follow the protocol for further action in the place where you work. Usually you are advised to immediately wash the affected area with soap and running water and then report this incident to the infection prevention committee or your employer. In the future, please be more careful when using medical devices that risk getting a needle stick injury.
I hope this helps.