Transmission Of HIV And Hepatitis Can Survive Long Outside The Body?
My doctor would like to ask: I’ve read the article that the HIV virus is said to survive outside the body for 5 hours if there is air conditioning / in cold conditions, is that true? Is it possible to survive in the water? soaked long ago then washed, can it transmit HIV virus? (Without being aware if for example there is a wound on the hand) Then if in the PLHAs the door continues to be closed whether the HIV virus didalm survive for long? (If, for example, the PLHIV has been exhausted) And if people with weak immune endurance are it easy to contract HIV virus? And another thing, is a place for dental practice or tooth extraction can transmit HIV? on painkillers injections can it be transmitted through the injection? Please answer the questions above, Thank you very much ..
Thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
HIV and hepatitis (especially hepatitis B) are viral infections that are transmitted through body fluids (sperm, vaginal fluid, rectal fluid, breast milk) and blood that is contaminated by the virus. So that the transmission of this virus when the patient's body fluids and blood enter a healthy human body from an open wound, contaminated injection equipment, or sex. So that the HIV and hepatitis viruses are not transmitted through pool water, through kissing, greeting, holding patient equipment, or being close to HIV or hepatitis B patients.
Virus resistance depends on temperature, sunlight, the amount of the virus involved, pH. In general, the virus lives outside the body for several hours to days, however, the amount of the virus will continue to decrease and the ability of the virus decreases and dies, so there is no ability to infect after the virus is outside the body.
Regarding your question:
1. The HIV virus survives outside the body, in cold temperatures below minus, the ability of the virus will usually still survive, especially under temperatures of minus 70 degrees celsius. In HIV patients who die, the virus lasts up to 14 days at a temperature of around 20 degrees celsius
2. HIV virus in the water, does not last long, after 8 hours the virus in the water is about 0.1%.
3. HIV virus is transmitted from patients' clothes that are washed, for the personal equipment of patients who wash, the virus in the dried blood will last for several days. So if a healthy person is washing the clothes of an HIV patient and has a wound, it is best to avoid washing personal equipment contaminated with blood or infectious body fluids. To prevent exposure to infection, the equipment or clothes can be washed with hot water and the person who is washing there is no wound. In addition, because the virus in the water remains 0.1% after * hour and uses hot water (60 degrees celsius or more) when washing, the ability to infect healthy humans is very small, but delay if healthy humans have open wounds.
4. HIV virus in the room, in the room is the same as the virus from the dried blood of the patient, can last several days, but every hour and day decreases. So doing good room sanitation will maintain the cleanliness of the surrounding environment.
5. HIV patients masturbate, if so, dry sperm or vaginal mucus can last several days, but due to the amount of virus that is not too much, then the infectious nature is very small
6. Dentists' tools that transmit HIV, HIV-contaminated devices can transmit to healthy patients during dental care measures. However, the standard of care for HIV patients has provisions that must be done, so that by knowing the patient's identity and sterilization of equipment according to its standards, the transmission of HIV or disease through medical devices can be minimized.
7. Infectious hepatitis from injection services used by dentists, syringes used are consumables or tools not used for other patients. So that with a good standard of service, transmission of the disease to other patients can be avoided
In general, the American CDC or the center for disease control and disease prevention in the United States states, that, the HIV virus cannot be transmitted through a toilet seat, water, or through the air. As long as you don't have sex at risk and sharing needles, and close the wound on your skin to avoid contact with material that is contaminated with the virus.
For more information, you can discuss with your intern doctor or VCT clinic in your city, so that you get better information and education.
Thus the info we can convey.