Transmission Of The Disease Through Needles?
Hello, I am a medical laboratory student yesterday practicing at the hospital to sample the patient’s blood, I accidentally got a little punctured by the patient’s needle, but there were no stab marks or cuts on my fingers. Meanwhile, I forgot the name of the patient and what the tests were. What I know is I was sampling in the female infectious disease patient room. And I’m really scared. How do you handle it? Thank you. Thank you
Thank you for the question.
As health workers, we certainly cannot avoid the risks of our work, one of which is being pricked by a needle. The first thing to do is to report the incident so that it can be followed up. In addition, the first treatment that can be done:
wash your hands under running water if there is blood, draw it calmly and don't panic. Transmission through needles that is feared is HIV and Hepatitis B. Both are infectious diseases that can be transmitted by men and women.
In HIV transmission there is a term known as Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) or what is called the preventive measure of contracting HIV after being in contact with HIV. This transmission can occur due to sexual behavior or exposure to needles. PEP is given over 72 hours or 3 days. The sooner, the better for this PEP. You can get PEP at the VCT clinic where you work, or at Government Hospitals. After that you will be scheduled to carry out further checks.
Then for hepatitis B. If you have received hepatitis B vaccination before, make sure your anti-HBsAg titer is high. If it is low, then it will be very susceptible to contracting this virus, especially if it has never been vaccinated. In people who have low antibody titres or have not been vaccinated, immunotherapy will be given. Immunotherapy aims to increase the immune titer against hepatitis B so that infection does not occur.
Keep in mind that if you are infected with HIV or Hepatitis B, you can not immediately see a positive titer on a blood test. It takes time to know whether it is infected or not. Therefore, while waiting for the next examination, you are advised to:
not having risky or unprotected sexual intercourse does not mutually change partners not using sharp materials together such as razors. Healthy life. Other things that need to be done to prevent this from happening again:
not recapping or recapping used needles. Discard needles in a special place for sharp objects. Be careful handling and disposing of needles using hepatitis B vaccination gloves. If this still worries you, consult an Internal Medicine specialist.
Hopefully my explanation can answer the question.
dr. Kresnawati Wahyu Setiono