Treatment For Diabetes With A Blood Sugar Level Of More Than 300?
.. my husband has a high sugar content above 300, is it safe to consume glimipiride every day ?? are there other drugs that can quickly reduce sugar levels ?? and why does he often feel calf pain ?? please info..thank you
Hello Novy, thank you for the question for HealthReplies.com
There are 2 types of high blood sugar or diabetes mellitus, type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Both of them give manifestations in the form of increased blood sugar levels, but with a different mechanism of disease emergence.
DM1 can arise due to a lack of insulin production in the body, it could be due to genetics, autoimmune disease, infection, or a tumor / cancer in the pancreas. Because there is no insulin, the body's cells cannot enter and use the glucose available in the blood, so the glucose level will increase in the blood. In the case of DM1, therapy using insulin is needed because drugs will not be able to lower blood sugar.
DM2 can arise because of a decrease in the sensitivity of body cells to the insulin produced. In DM2, insulin is available in the body, but it cannot function to enter glucose into cells so that glucose levels will be high in the blood. In DM2 cases, the recommended initial therapy is lifestyle changes and administration of the antidiabetic drug Metformin. If lifestyle changes and the maximum dose of Metformin cannot reduce blood sugar until it reaches the target, then other antidiabetic drugs can be added such as sulfonylurea (one type is glimepiride), thiazolidinedione, glinide, SGLT 2 inhibitor, DPP-4 inhibitor, and so on . If there are certain contraindications to the use of metformin, other antidiabetic drugs can also be used immediately.
The use of antidiabetic drugs such as glimerpiride does have several side effects, including:
hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
dizziness and headache
stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting
weakness and feeling tired quickly
redness and rash on the skin
increase in weight
Even though it has various risks of side effects, it is best to take antidiabetic drugs as directed on a regular basis. Not taking antidiabetic drugs according to the rules given by the doctor can cause blood sugar to remain high (uncontrolled). Continuously high blood sugar can cause various complications, including:
kidney damage that can lead to kidney failure
visual disturbances (damage to the retina of the eye, cataracts, etc.)
peripheral neurological disorders (pain, tingling, burning sensation in the tips of the hands and feet)
increases the risk of heart disease and stroke
increases the risk of degenerative diseases of the brain such as Alzheimer's
increases the risk of foot sores, infections, and amputations
and much more
Seeing the many complications that can occur, your husband should undergo therapy as recommended by his doctor. Make changes to the diet and lifestyle that is recommended for diabetics. Here are articles that you can read about healthy foods for diabetics, foods that diabetics should avoid, and healthy lifestyles for diabetics.
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dr. irna cecilia