Treatment For Patients With Aplastic Anemia?
HealthReplies.com … what is it like for aplastic anemia?
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A brief description of aplastic anemia therapy has been explained in your previous question in this link.
If it is not enough to explain, I will try to describe it more fully. As explained earlier, aplastic anemia can be caused by many possibilities. The main thing to look for in patients with aplastic anemia is the cause of the aplastic anemia itself. Some of the possible causes of aplastic anemia can be overcome (for example, aplastic anemia due to certain drugs, radiation therapy, or due to exposure to certain toxic substances) so that if the cause is resolved aplastic anemia can also heal itself. However, not infrequently the cause of aplastic anemia is not clearly known (idiopathic) so that the cause can not be overcome. Because the cause of the disease is not treated, the disease process continues and the number of blood cells continues to fall even after a blood transfusion has been given.
If indeed the cause cannot be found, then the treatment of aplastic anemia will be based on the severity of the disease. There are certain criteria used to determine whether aplastic anemia is included in mild, moderate or severe aplastic anemia. The following are therapies for each degree of aplastic anemia:
Mild aplastic anemia. In mild aplastic anemia, the decrease in blood cells is not too significant and does not give any symptoms. Therefore no action is needed to overcome this condition. Patients need to get routine checks to monitor the number of blood cells, if the number of blood cells decreases a lot, then a blood transfusion can be done. If there is an infection (because the white blood cells also decrease, the patients with aplastic anemia will be more susceptible to infection), then therapy can be given with antibiotics, antiparasitic, antifungal (according to what infection is experienced). Moderate aplastic anemia. Therapy for moderate aplastic anemia is actually more or less the same as mild aplastic anemia, but because the decrease in blood cells is more significant than mild aplastic anemia, transfusion is usually done more often. Other drugs such as antibiotics, antiparasites, antifungals are given as indicated. Severe aplastic anemia. The most important therapy for severe aplastic anemia is bone marrow transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation is a procedure performed by replacing a patient's damaged bone marrow with stem cells (from another person / donor whose bone marrow is healthy) so that later stem cells from these donors can produce blood cells normally. If a bone marrow transplant is not possible (for example due to the absence of a donor or the lack of facilities to take action, the patient cannot tolerate a bone marrow transplant, or patients over 50 years old), the recommended therapy is the administration of immunosuppressant drugs or drugs that are recommended can suppress the body's immune system. If indeed you do not feel clear too with the therapies mentioned above and how severe your aplastic anemia, you should discuss directly with the doctor who treats you.
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