Treatment For Patients With Hypothyroidism?

Illustration of Treatment For Patients With Hypothyroidism?
Illustration: Treatment For Patients With Hypothyroidism? intechopen.com

I am a 20 year old college student. I want to ask about my health condition. Since the beginning of June 2019, I have been on a diet because I know that I am in the overweight BMI group in the form of maintaining regular eating, smaller portions, and a treadmill about 60 minutes a day. However, what I found was weight gain. My weight at the beginning of June 2019 was around 67-68 kg. At present, I weigh 75 kg. I also often feel muscle pain in the neck and elbows. I also feel more sensitive to cold (I used to bathe in ice water no problem, now I take a shower of normal water and it needs cold water; in the past my room temperature could reach 16 ° C u0026amp) still okay, now it should be 19- The new 20 ° C is comfortable). I feel that there is an increase in the appearance of signs of depression (I used to feel depressed once a month, but now it becomes more frequent). My periods are also irregular u0026amp; the least. Am I experiencing hypothyroidism? What diagnostic tests should I do? What kind of doctor should I visit? U0026amp; consult?

1 Answer:

Hello Olivia 99,


Hypothyroidism is a function of the thyroid gland and decreased production of thyroid hormones, causing a decrease in the entire metabolism of the body. Symptoms of hypothyroidism vary greatly, depending on how lack of thyroid hormone in the body. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

Excessive tiredness
Drastic weight gain with no apparent cause
More sensitive to cold air
Dry skin
Constipation
Menstrual disorders
Hair loss or thinning
Slow heart rate
Joint pain, muscle stiffness

The condition for hypothyroidism is caused by autoimmune diseases (hashimoto thyroiditis), surgical removal of the thyroid gland, response to hyperthyroid treatment, radiation therapy to the thyroid, pituitary gland abnormalities in the brain, iodine deficiency.


To diagnose hypothyroidism apart from clinical symptoms and physical examination, it is also necessary to have blood tests for thyroid function tests, especially TSH and thyroxine (T4) levels. Interpretation of results can be done by doctors to establish a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. Treatment for the condition of hypothyroidism is through the administration of synthetic hormone levothyroxine (similar to the thyroxine hormone produced by thyroid). The dosage will be adjusted as needed.


Apart from hypothyroidism, there are also several causes of a drastic weight gain, namely long-term steroid consumption, Cushing's syndrome, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), long-term use of antidepressants. You can consult an internist if you are going to do a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. However, if no problems are found in thyroid function, please consult an obstetrician for menstrual problems that can be caused by PCOS which can also cause weight gain. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.

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