Treatment Of Enlarged Thyroid Gland?
Tonight my doctor has a thyroid gland located on my neck. What should I do so my glands don’t swell anymore doctor. My stress and headache are extraordinary doctors. Thank you
Hello Erlinawati Harahap,
Every human has a thyroid gland. Thyroid gland is a gland located in the front neck area with a normal size of 5 cm. In the normal size of the thyroid gland is not from the outside and difficult to feel in touch. The function of the thyroid gland is to produce thyroid hormones (T3 hormones and T4 hormones) which play a role in regulating the body's metabolic rate. The thyroid gland also produces the hormone calcitonin which helps the utilization of calcium by the bones to maintain bone density. The work of the thyroid gland is influenced by the stimulation of the hormone TSH produced by the pituitary gland in the brain.
Enlargement of the thyroid gland is referred to as a goiter or what laymen refer to as goiter. Causes of goiters include:
Iodine deficiency (the most frequent cause), often found in people who live in highlands far from the sea or in areas without iodized salt
Grave's disease (hyperthyroidism)
Hashimoto's disease (hypothyroidism)
Goiters are more often found in women, aged> 40 years, pregnant or menopausal, a history of radiation in the neck region, and people who have a history of autoimmune disease. Symptoms that arise in the goiter is a lump in the front of the neck that moves when the patient swallows, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing. Besides hyperthyroid abnormalities can provide complaints of weight loss, can not stand hot air, palpitations, excessive sweating, difficulty sleeping, whereas if hypothyroidism occurs the opposite symptoms due to decreased metabolism.
To diagnose the cause of the goiter, it is necessary to carry out investigations such as examination of thyroid function (assessing levels of hormones associated with thyroid), antibody tests, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, thyroid radioisotope scan, and thyroid gland biopsy.
Handling of goiters varies depending on the underlying disorder. The first thing that can be done is to observe an enlargement of the size of the thyroid gland and whether there are severe symptoms that arise from it. After that, if it is caused due to a hypothyroid condition, the patient is given an artificial thyroid hormone treatment such as levothyroxine. If it is caused due to a hyperthyroid condition, drugs will be given to normalize thyroid hormone levels such as propylthiouracyl or methimazole. Surgical therapy is also carried out to remove the thyroid gland in whole or in part if the size of the goiter is so large that it causes swallowing and breathing problems or when an enlarged thyroid gland is suspected to be caused by malignancy (cancer) so that the tissue that is removed can then be biopsied. Another therapy is radiation of the thyroid gland with radioactive iodine.
You certainly need to do further consultation directly with your doctor to determine in advance the cause of enlargement of your thyroid gland that you experience, so that the right treatment can be determined. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.