Treatment Of Infants With Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)?

Illustration of Treatment Of Infants With Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)?
Illustration: Treatment Of Infants With Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)? mountsinai.org

Afternoon doctor ,, the baby who is vsd 0 ‘950 can you see it yourself, dr? Then how to care for the ank which is vsd

1 Answer:

Good afternoon Mrs. Melly,



VSD or Ventricular Septal Defect or Ventricular Septal Defect is one of the most common forms of Congenital Heart Disease. About 20% of cases of congenital heart disease are VSDs.



Before going any further, let me explain a little about the heart. The heart is divided into 4 chambers: the right atrium, left atrium, right ventricle and left ventricle. So that the blood does not mix with each other, the right and left sides are bounded by a wall called the septum. There are 2 septums in the heart, namely the atrial septum and the ventricular septum. VSD occurs due to failure in the formation of a complete heart during pregnancy. There are 6 types of VSD natural journey:


If the VSD is small it can close spontaneously (wait until the age of 4 years)


Medium / large VSD may shrink but not close spontaneously.


Moderate / large VSD with heart failure



Large VSD accompanied by pulmonary hypertension



VSD is accompanied by infundibular stenosis


VSD is accompanied by infective endocarditis



The factors that influence VSD closure:



Age

75% had spontaneous closure by 2 years of age

Gender

In women reported spontaneous closure 5: 3 faster than men

Size

The smaller the defect size, the faster it will close

Location

Defect in the middle of the septum (mid-ventricular septum) closes faster than the front or back

VSD type

Muscular VSDs close faster than membranous or perimembranous VSDs



VSD sufferers are not much different from other children in general. Several things in children with VSD require special attention, including:

Brush your teeth regularly

Bacteria present in the infection during dental caries can cause infection of the heart.

Washing hands

Washing your hands with 6 steps can prevent various infections

Meeting their nutritional needs

Providing healthy and nutritious mahakan to meet the needs of growth and development

Monitor its growth and development


Enough rest


Can do games and light activities


Re-consult with your child's cardiologist



May be useful. Greetings, dr. Kresnawati

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