Treatment Of TB In Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Lasts A Long Time?
Why do people with DM if exposed to TB treatment for a long time?
Hello, thanks for the question.
TB is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, usually transmitted through droplets or air containing TB germs. These germs can spread through the air and are inhaled by other people and will develop in that person's body. These germs can attack the lungs, skin, glands, bones, intestines, and so forth. This disease is usually characterized by a long cough, which lasts more than 2 weeks, coughing with blood and sputum, weight loss, fever, night sweats, and others. This disease is easily transmitted and develops in a person's body with a weak immune system, one of which is a sufferer of diabetes mellitus (diabetes). In patients with DM changes in body metabolism that makes the person more susceptible to disease. In addition to people with DM, more endurance can also occur in people with malnutrition or malnutrition, people with AIDS / infected with HIV, are undergoing chemotherapy, are taking immune system suppressants, people who smoke, drink alcohol, and use illegal drugs. TB treatment itself is carried out for a minimum of 6 months, which consists of 2 months of intensive phase and 4 months of advanced phase, but in conditions where the immune system is weak, the treatment can be longer depending on health conditions and the results of sputum and x-ray examination on the person. Therefore, TB patients with DM are advised to take medication regularly and control to the doctor according to the recommended schedule. In people with TB, you should always wear a mask, improve air circulation at home and make sure the lighting is good, eat healthy and nutritious food, get enough rest, meet your fluid needs, and exercise regularly.
Thus, hopefully it helps.