Use Of Drugs For Cholesterol Sufferers?
evening please answer how to use simvastatin drugs on cholesterol above 300 mg / dl
Hello Irma Habil, thank you for your question to HealthReplies.com.
Simvastatin is a drug used to treat the condition of dyslipidemia (abnormalities in fat metabolism in the body characterized by increased levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL / "bad" cholesterol, and low levels of HDL / good cholesterol).
Cholesterol itself has been known as a cause of various diseases that are quite dangerous for the body. The accumulation of excess cholesterol in blood vessels can cause disruption in blood flow, and if the blood vessels of vital organs are disturbed / blocked, this can even risk causing death.
A person can be more at risk of suffering from high cholesterol if he has a bad lifestyle, such as lack of physical activity, poor diet (high in saturated fat), smoking, excess weight, and so forth.
Some diseases that can be caused by high cholesterol levels, for example:
Stroke (due to blockages in the blood vessels of the brain) Coronary heart disease (due to blockages in blood vessels that provide oxygen to the heart muscle) Peripheral artery disease, such as blockages in the leg veins that cause pain in the legs when moving Metabolic Syndrome, etc. . Cholesterol levels are more accurate when measured after a patient has fasted, and will be more complete if the examination is not only assessing total cholesterol (because cholesterol in the body consists of good cholesterol and 'bad' cholesterol). The optimal cholesterol target generally requires total cholesterol below 200 mg / dL; HDL> 60 mg / dL; triglycerides <150 mg / dL; and optimal LDL <100 mg / dL. But the target numbers, especially LDL, are very dependent on other risk factors that exist in each individual. For example individuals with a higher risk of heart disease (there is a history of diabetes, hypertension, smoking, HDL <40 mg / dL, etc.) are targeted to have lower LDL levels than individuals who have no risk at all.
One way to control blood cholesterol is to take cholesterol-lowering drugs. One of them is the drug you are asking, namely simvastatin. Simvastatin has the role of reducing cholesterol synthesis / making and increasing the uptake of bad cholesterol from the blood for disposal. Simvastatin itself can be used up to the highest dose of 40 mg per day (taken at night to reduce the symptoms of side effects that can be caused). The dosage adjustment of simvastatin itself must be in accordance with the doctor's recommendations, and if you take this drug, you also need to know the side effects of the drug. Examples of some side effects of simvastatin are muscle aches, aches, cramps, headaches, difficulty defecating, and so on. Therefore, use simvastatin according to doctor's instructions. You need to consult directly with your doctor so you can find out the appropriate dosage for yourself. The doctor will ask further about the history of the disease you have and a family history of the disease. If needed the doctor can also do a more specific cholesterol check. Usually if you are given a drug for example with the lowest dose, the doctor will advise you to check cholesterol levels again after +3 months, to find out whether the dose is sufficient or not.
Sometimes, in some cases, an increase in blood cholesterol can be overcome only by lifestyle changes. Thus, doctors sometimes do not immediately give the drugs taken first, but rather encourage patients to improve their lifestyle to reduce cholesterol, such as by:
Regular exercise 3-5 times a week with a minimum duration of 30 minutes Consumption of fruits and vegetables, avoid consuming foods that contain saturated fat (fried foods, fatty meat, etc.) and reduce consumption of carbohydrates Consumption of water at least 2 liters a day Stop smoking and avoid cigarette smoke Maintain ideal body weight Also read: Hypercholesterolemia.
That's all, hopefully it's useful and I hope you are always healthy. Regards.