What Are The Early Symptoms Of Malaria?
Good afternoon, doc. I want to ask two weeks ago, I just arrived from my village in Papua, and this is a malaria area. So after more than a week I felt the hot and cold in JM before going to bed at night then in the afternoon I began to feel after it disappeared. Then now the nasal congestion is also blocked. Thanks a lot beforehand.
Hello Yohan, thank you for asking at HealthReplies.com.
Malaria is indeed a disease that is quite common in eastern Indonesia including Papua, and generally an infected person has symptoms that only appear within 10-15 days after being bitten by a mosquito that has a malaria parasite in the form of:
Fever (body temperature proven to reach 38 degrees or more when measured) with certain cycles such as 3 or 4 days
Sweating a lot
Other symptoms may include headaches, nausea, vomiting, anemia, abdominal pain, body aches, diarrhea or even a change in BAK to black or loss of consciousness if the infection is severe.
Because there is a possibility that you are infected with malaria even though your complaint is unclear and not typical, it is advisable to see a doctor for further evaluation, including laboratory tests that may be recommended to be done to distinguish whether you have malaria or other conditions such as typhus, dengue fever, ARI, or chikungunya. After that, then you can determine what therapy should be given for your current condition.
In the meantime, in addition to seeing a doctor, you can try to do the following things, such as:
Using anti-mosquito lotion
Using mosquito nets in the room
Use long-sleeved shirts or trousers
Taking drugs such as paracetamol or ibuprofen (which can also be combined with cold medicines) which are sold freely in the market at the dosage according to the package until there is further recommended treatment from the doctor who treats you
Maintain the cleanliness of your food and drinks
Maintain cleanliness of hands by washing hands regularly using soap and running water
Make sure you eat enough nutritious and balanced food every day
Get enough rest
Maintain a minimum of 2 liters of fluid intake per day or more especially if you are proven to have a fever
Use cold compresses if you have a fever
If complaints such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, urinating become black, bowel movements become black / red or loss of consciousness, immediately go to the hospital emergency room to get further help.
I hope this helps.