What Are The Risks Of Surgery For Thyroid Gland Surgery In A 14-year-old Child?
assalamu alaikum, I have a daughter of about 14 years of age. 1. High school students experience pain in the middle side neck below the ear due to a lump as large as the tip of the tapered finger. began to ache until now. through him taking medication from a doctor. ttp get better. i feel sorry for not being able to see it. very disturbed at its activities at school or outside. last check lg doctor recommends for surgery who can cure this sakut tuk? and what are the risks if my child has to get surgery? please enlighten your doctor. thank you.
Hello. Thank you for your question to HealthReplies.com.
Previously, please note in advance some conditions that can cause lumps in the neck. Lumps in the neck are not always caused by enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland itself is located in the middle of the front of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. The function of this gland is to produce thyroid hormones (hormones that play a role in the body's metabolic functions, regulate calorie burning, etc.). There are several diseases that can be experienced due to abnormalities in this gland. Enlargement of the thyroid gland may not be accompanied by other symptoms, but sometimes enlargement is accompanied by symptoms either due to excess thyroid hormone (palpitations, heat resistance, seem unable to be still / very active, tremor / trembling, weight loss) or deficiency thyroid hormone (weight gain, cold resistance, weakness, lack of energy, constipation (difficult bowel movements), etc.). Read related articles: Thyroid Disease and Risk of Thyroid Gland Disease.
The following are some other conditions that can cause a lump in the neck, namely:
Enlarged lymph nodes due to inflammation. Inflammation of lymph nodes is also called lymphadenitis. This condition often occurs in children, where the child's immune system is not fully developed and the body is still vulnerable to infection. Infection that can attack for example viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, and so forth. Because this condition is caused by inflammation, several other symptoms and signs can be found, such as pain or redness of the lumps, fever, and also other symptoms of infection, such as coughing, sore throat, and so on. To overcome this condition, anti-inflammatory drugs and the treatment of the main causes can usually be given. Enlarged lymph nodes due to infection with germ tuberculosis in the gland (glandular TB). It should be noted also other symptoms that can be experienced by patients (not always), such as prolonged fever, coughing, weight loss without apparent cause, night sweats, and so forth. Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterial infection in lymph nodes usually occurs in body conditions that are not fit. Because of its location outside the lungs, this condition is also called extra-pulmonary TB. Treatment that can be given is by administering drugs for tuberculosis. Abscess or buildup of pus due to infection. Infections that are not treated properly can develop and cause abscesses. This condition is often accompanied by fever, pain, redness, and around the palpable lumps warmer. Tumors or abnormal cell growth. Tumors found in the neck region are also called colli tumors. This abnormal cell growth can occur in various organs, for example in lymph nodes, thyroid gland, and so forth. Lumps due to this malignant process will usually feel harder, fixed (can not be moved) with the surrounding tissue, and can be accompanied by symptoms of weakness, fatigue, weight loss for no apparent reason, and so forth. Therefore, you should first ascertain whether the lumps that your child is experiencing are due to an enlarged thyroid gland or due to other conditions. If indeed due to enlargement of the thyroid gland, there are drugs, both for conditions of excess or lack of thyroid hormone, these drugs will reduce symptoms and can help regulate hormones so that thyroid levels are within the normal range.
The surgery itself can be selected in certain conditions, where enlargement of the thyroid gland is felt very disturbing (in terms of cosmetics and function), as well as in the condition of thyroid cancer. There are several risks from surgery, for example:
Bleeding (there are a lot of blood vessels in the neck, muscles, and other organs) Infection due to surgery performed Thyroid hormone disorders because the thyroid gland has been removed. Sometimes in some cases treatment is needed so that thyroid hormone levels are sufficient in the body. etc. If you are still in doubt, feel free to consult and ask the doctor for options for your child. You can also ask the opinion of other doctors if you are still in doubt and worry, for example to a pediatrician. If needed, the doctor can make a referral to a surgeon. The doctor can carry out further tests related to the condition of your child, for example by supporting examinations such as blood examination, ultrasound examination of the lump, sampling of the lump, and so forth.
That's all, hopefully it's useful and I hope your child gets better soon.