What Causes The High Levels Of SGOT And SGPT Over The Past Month?
Hello, thanks for the question.
SGPT (Serum Glutamic Pyruvate Transaminase) or ALT (alanine aminotransferase) is an enzyme produced by the liver and when the liver cells are damaged, these enzymes will come out and flow into the bloodstream so that the blood test will show elevated SGPT levels. In addition to SGPT, there are other enzymes produced in the liver, namely SGOT (Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase). SGOT will increase in blood levels if there is damage to liver cells. However, SGOT is not specific only in the liver. SGOT can also be found in blood cells, heart cells and muscle cells, therefore an increase in SGOT does not always indicate abnormalities in liver cells. Therefore, SGOT and SGPT are always examined together when liver damage is suspected. Some diseases that can cause liver damage include:
Liver infection by hepatitis virus
Fatty liver (fatty liver), usually occurs in patients with obesity.
Muscle damage / muscle injury.
Long-term consumption of drugs or excessive doses
This increase in liver enzymes sometimes does not cause symptoms, except when the liver damage is already severe. Clinical symptoms that arise can be in the form of yellow body, yellow eyes, nausea, vomiting, fever, urinating like tea, and so forth. If the complaint is still disturbing and SGOT SGPT levels are high, you should consult your internist, the doctor will re-examine the patient and match the results of the laboratory examination. You should always maintain an ideal body weight by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Eat foods that are nutritious, sufficient calories, low fat, high in protein, and low in salt, avoid instant or canned foods, regular exercise for at least 15-30 minutes a day, preferably cardio exercises that can stimulate the heart rate, such as running, cycling, badminton, and so forth. Inadequate fluid needs, avoid smoking, alcohol, and stress, and do not forget to get enough rest. Follow the advice given by nutritionists and internists to get the ideal body weight and maintain a healthy body.
Thus, hopefully useful.