What Diseases Are Included As Non-communicable Diseases Based On The Environment?
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Hello Shindy, thank you for the question to HealthReplies.com
Do you mean what diseases are not transmitted through the environment?
There are many types of diseases, there are infectious diseases, and there are also non-communicable diseases. Infectious diseases themselves are transmitted from human to human, animal to human, or from the environment to humans. Diseases that transmit from human to human also have many ways of transmission, some are transmitted through the air (for example influenza, RSV, Rubella, etc.), sexual contact (eg HIV, hepatitis B, gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc.), skin-to-skin contact ( for example shingles, tinea, scabies, etc.), fecal-oral (eg hepatitis A, typhoid, E-coli diarrhea, etc.), and many more. Diseases that transmit from animals to humans are also many types, for example dengue fever, malaria, lyme disease, anaplasmosis, leptospirosis, cysticercosis, rabies, toxoplasmosis, etc.
Diseases caused by the environment itself can also vary, not all of them can be called infectious diseases. Some infectious diseases related to the environment such as toxoplasmosis (can infect humans through the soil too), cryptosporidium, roundworms, etc. Meanwhile non-infectious ones can come from exposure to certain toxins in the environment, pollution, sun radiation, and many more.
In general, diseases that are classified as infectious diseases are infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. However, it should also be remembered that not all infectious diseases can be contagious, for example tinea versicolor (tinea versicolor) caused by fungi which are the normal flora of the skin.
Diseases that are not caused by infections are definitely classified as non-communicable diseases, for example genetic diseases (such as down syndrome and other syndromic diseases, cystic fibrosis, thalassemia, etc.), organic disorders (for example congenital heart disease, heart valve disorders, kidney disorders, COPD, stroke, etc.), metabolic disorders (for example thyroid disorders, diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, etc.), cancer, and many more (if mentioned one by one, thousands of pages of books can be made).
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