What Is Corneal Perforation?

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hello, what is corneal perforation? symptoms, causes and treatment

1 Answer:

Hi Nur,


Thank you for asking HealthReplies.com.

Corneal perforation (hole) is one of the medical emergencies that needs to be treated quickly and appropriately. This condition can occur due to many reasons, for example:

Trauma, such as a result of a very hard bang, punctured, the side effects of surgery around the eyes
Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea of ​​the eye), can be due to infection or non-infection
Degenerative disorders
Dystrophy, for example keratoglobus, Peter's anomaly, and so on

Clinically, sufferers of corneal perforation will experience the following symptoms:

Subjective sign, which is felt by the sufferer:

Impaired vision (can't see clearly)
Eye pain
The eyes become excessively watery suddenly, due to leakage of aqueous fluid
There are signs of infection or trauma to the eye, such as pus or scars, and so on


Objective signs, which are obtained from the results of the doctor's examination:

Decreased eye vision
The anterior segment of the eye is thin and shallow
There are signs of infection, for example keratitis, a collection of necrotic cells and edema tissue, a brownish scar appears in the iris of the eye
If you do the Seidel test, you will see a flourescein leak (done through a slit lamp check)

Diagnosing corneal perforation needs to be done directly by a doctor or ophthalmologist. After erect the diagnosis, the treatment can be done with several approaches, including administering drugs tailored to the symptoms that arise and the cause of perforation, for example antibiotics, protease inhibitors, steroids, and so on. Can also be done, surgery to patch or replace the hollow cornea.


That's all our explanation. For more details, please consult directly with your ophthalmologist.


I hope this helps.

: by

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