Whitening Lotion Containing Hydroquinone, AHA And Clobetasol Propionate?
Permission to ask, if the composition whitening lotion is HQ 5 AHA 5 Klob 0.05 is it safe? I bought it at one of the beauty clinics that have SIP and there is also a practicing doctor, in the lotion there is also a warning not to be used in certain areas so I only use it on my forearms and legs (the upper part of the sole). I haven’t felt any side effects yet, but if the composition is dangerous what can I do to prevent side effects, I just used the lotion for 2 weeks. Thank you,
The whitening lotion you use contains:
HQ 5 = hydroquinone 5%
AHA 5 = alpha hydroxy acid 5%
0.05 Klob = 0.05% clobetasole proprionate
Hydroquinone is a substance that is often used to treat hyperpigmentation (blackish / brownish skin color) due to increased production of melanin (a skin pigment). Hydroquinone inhibits an enzyme called thyrosinase, an enzyme that regulates the production of pigment in the skin. By inhibiting this enzyme, the buildup of pigment in cells, which makes the skin darker, can be prevented. Therefore hydroquinone is widely used in whitening creams or bleaching.
Topical use of hydroquinone (topical skin) can be absorbed into the circulation. Therefore the large concentration (percent) of hydroquinone in a product also influences the potential and side effects of this substance. The FDA (like BPOM from America) states that hydroquinone which is safe to sell freely is a maximum of 2%, whereas if above it must be as indicated. Hidroquinone in a larger percent is more likely to cause allergies, redness / irritation, burning sensation on the skin, and peeling skin. Therefore it is not used for sensitive areas such as the face. Areas such as the elbows, knees that have thicker skin may be more suitable to use percent greater hydroquinone. Hidroquinone should be avoided by pregnant and breastfeeding women because it is proven to cause interference with the fetus and baby.
AHA 5% is an acidic substance. This acid is useful for peeling away layers of dead skin (peeling) so that regeneration of the skin layer can occur. AHA can also increase the thickness of the layers in the skin so that the skin becomes more supple. The use of AHA is widely added for whitening creams in hyperpigmentation cases so the skin looks brighter. AHA with a concentration of up to 10% is still considered safe. Side effects that can arise from the use of AHA are skin irritation, burning sensation on the skin, and redness.
The last composition of clobetasole proprionate is super potent corticosteroid group. This class of drugs is generally used in cases of eczema. However, some super-potent corticosteroids can be used to treat hyperpigmentation as well, for example in the case of melasma. Because of its super potent nature, the use of creams with this ingredient must be locally limited in problem areas or hyperpigmented. Avoid use on the skin with open wounds. Side effects that can arise are the skin becomes very dry and cracked, peeling skin, itching and skin redness.
Use topical medication given by the doctor according to the instructions given. If severe skin reactions occur such as extensive redness, blisters appear / blisters on the skin, the area looks swollen skin, you should refrain from using it and consult with your doctor again. Thus the explanation from me, hopefully useful.