Will Menorarghia Cause Anemia?
Hello doctor, good evening
Menorrhagia is a condition of excessive menstrual bleeding or too much blood, or more than 60-80ml. If too much blood comes out of course it can cause the body to lose a lot of blood so it is more prone to anemia.
Therefore, if there is menorrhagia, it would be better if you consult a gynecologist so that you can find out the cause so that you can be given more appropriate follow-up treatment.
The causes of menorrhagia include side effects of contraception, polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, fibroids, adenomyosis, hypothyroidism, cervical and uterine polyps, malignancy, and blood clotting disorders.
Examination for menorrhagia cases including history taking, physical examination, blood tests, ultrasound, pap smear, and biopsy. While the treatment will be adjusted to the patient's condition, can be with tranexamic acid, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, hormonal therapy, and additional measures if there is no improvement with medication.
However, anemia is not only influenced by menorrhagia, but anemia can also be caused by several other factors such as:
Nutritional deficiencies such as iron, vitamin B12, folic acid
Other severe bleeding for example after injury
Infection and autoimmune conditions that cause the body can not produce red blood cells optimally
Hemolytic anemia where red blood cells are destroyed by the body faster
The shape of red blood cells is not normal
Other medical conditions such as thalassemia and malaria
Further tests are needed with a complete blood test to confirm the cause of anemia so the doctor can provide more appropriate treatment. If anemia is indeed related to menorrhagia, treatment of menorrhagia is expected to prevent worsening anemia.
Some tips that can be done to prevent anemia during menstruation include:
Eat healthy and nutritious foods
Take iron supplements, vitamin B12, and folic acid if necessary
Get enough rest
Drink plenty of water
No waiting to see a doctor when experiencing symptoms of anemia during excessive menstruation
Hope it helps you,